In Italy, the population density is 202 people per square kilometer (525 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of Italy is 59,290,969 people. Italy has approximately 5,788,875 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Italy represent 2.5 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Italy represent 9.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Italy is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. http://www.confiduss.com/en/jurisdictions/italy/demographics/ Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Italy is 0.1145. This means that the people living in Italy are coming from a narrow group of ethnicities, all of which are related to one another. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Italy on median age and gender distribution at various ages.